A URL, or Uniform Resource Locator, is the location of a file on the Web. The Web has a huge collection of electronic files stored on millions of computers all around the world and the URL is the address used to locate the files. Every URL is unique and identifies one specific file. Therefore, it is the address of a web page and is also known as a - web address .URLs are also used to link one page to another. It gives you the ability to skip from one web page to another with just a click of your mouse. It is usually pronounced by sounding out each letter but, in some instances are pronounced as "Earl".
- A URL usually has no spaces.
- A URL always uses forward slashes (//).
- URLs aren't case sensitive. So typing in upper and lower case letters takes you to the same page.
- If you type a URL incorrectly, your browser will not be able to locate the site. Always make sure you spell the address correctly.
A URL is made up of several parts and the format of a URL is -
Whereas, the site address consists of the host computer name, the domain name and the domain type.
- Protocol: http
- Host computer name: www
- Domain name: google
- Domain type: com
For example, the URL of Google site is :
The domain is generally the name of the organization or company. The following are the different types of domains.
.com - commercial institution
.net -commercial institution (addition to .com)
.edu -educational institution
.org -not-for-profit organization
.gov -government institution
.int -international institution
.biz -commercial institution
.info -unrestricted use
Domain types can also be different for different countries. For instance, an educational site can have the domain name www.school.ac.uk in the
The country code too differs from one country to another. Some country codes are given below: